Chargebacks vs. refunds
Customers seeking money back from a purchase made online typically have two options at their disposal. One is to request a refund. The other is to initiate a chargeback. Both create pain for businesses, but chargebacks are particularly costly with fees sitting between $30 and $50 per chargeback, plus the resources needed to fight illegitimate claims.
In this article, we go back to basics to explain the differences between chargebacks and refunds from a merchant's perspective. We'll look at the pros and cons of each. Plus, we provide tips for dealing with double refund chargebacks. Specifically, we cover:
- What's the difference between chargebacks and refunds?
- Are chargebacks or refunds better for merchants?
- Why did I get a chargeback instead of a refund?
- What are double refund chargebacks?
- How can businesses reduce the risk of chargebacks and refunds?
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What's the difference between chargebacks and refunds?
The terms 'chargeback', 'refund' and 'reversal' are often confused and conflated. Yet they have specific meanings in the card industry.
- A chargeback is a return of funds to a customer's card account after they dispute a card payment on their statement.
- A refund is a repayment of a sum of money.
- A reversal revokes a previous transaction. Businesses must process a payment reversal if they don't receive an authorization response. Or if a card transaction is subsequently voided or canceled.
The main differences between chargebacks and refunds are who the cardholder contacts in the first instance, the length of the process and its cost.
For chargebacks, the cardholder contacts their card issuer. The issuer then creates a formal dispute case via the relevant card scheme. Depending on its value and whether the merchant challenges the claim, it can take a few days to several months to dispute a chargeback. Either way, the merchant pays a fee any time an issuer raises a chargeback on behalf of their customer.
For refunds, the cardholder contacts the merchant directly to request a refund. What happens next depends on the merchant's refund and returns policy. But it typically takes a few days at most, and the merchant is confident of their financial exposure when they grant the refund.
Are chargebacks or refunds better for merchants?
Neither chargebacks nor refunds are ideal, as both arise because of customer dissatisfaction.
However, refunds could be seen as better for merchants because they are quicker and cheaper to administer. Merchants save the time, effort and cost of responding to dispute notifications, gathering compelling evidence to challenge chargebacks.
Refunds are also within the merchant's control. They can offer the customer alternatives, such as vouchers or equivalent goods. Or apply conditions like time limits or stipulate that customers return goods for re-sale. Whereas with chargebacks, the process, time limits and conditions are out of a merchant's control.
Generally, cardholders don't return goods or services following an unsuccessful chargeback, especially if they haven't dealt with the merchant directly. This leaves merchants out of pocket on the cost of the sale, any fulfillment costs, plus chargeback fees.
Finally, a fair refund process can extend the lifetime value of a customer. Research shows that satisfying dissatisfied customers makes them even more loyal to a business than if they had never experienced a problem.
Why did I get a chargeback instead of a refund?
There are several reasons customers may go directly to their card issuer to resolve a disputed payment. Most often, this is because customers don't recognize the purchase on their statement, so they're unsure who else to contact.
Businesses can prevent this by using clear billing descriptors, which flow through to customer statements—and choosing a business name that's likely to be most familiar to customers if the business's registered and trading names differ.
Businesses should also make it easy for customers to resolve queries in the first instance by providing their contact details. This can be a customer service telephone number or email address in the 'city' field on the cardholder statement.
Another common reason for chargebacks over refunds is if a customer has been a victim of fraud. There may be multiple unauthorized transactions on their statement. Rather than contact each merchant individually to request refunds, they simply contact their issuer for one-stop resolution.
There's also so-called chargeback fraud when a legitimate customer claims they don't recognize or didn't make a card purchase. They then keep the goods or benefit from the service purchased without paying for it. This is sometimes known as 'first-party fraud' or 'friendly fraud' and results in a chargeback instead of a refund.
What are double refund chargebacks?
Double refund chargebacks happen when the cardholder contacts their issuer and the merchant about a disputed transaction.
The merchant approves a refund, and the issuer initiates a chargeback via the relevant card scheme. This results in the merchant losing out twice: on the refund cost and the chargeback. This is in addition to any chargeback fees from their acquirer.
To prevent double refund chargebacks, refund promptly and inform customers how long it typically takes for refunds to appear on their account. These steps may stop customers from thinking there's a problem and initiating a chargeback.
How can businesses reduce the risk of chargebacks and refunds?
No business can ever wholly eliminate disputed transactions or chargebacks. One of the best ways to avoid the risks is to prevent chargebacks from occurring in the first place.
Learn how you can recover revenue lost from chargebacks with Checkout.com's Fraud Detection Pro.